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钱柜娱乐777:代写英国assignment:变化环境中的领导力分析-以TATSR公司为例

时间:2018-05-30 08:45来源:钱柜777官网作者:cinq 点击:
本文是英国留学生assignment写作范文,主要内容是讲述领导力的相关内容,以及在团队中如何发挥作用。
领导能力是激发团队成员的积极性和想象力的能力,也是指挥团队成员全力以赴完成目标的能力。领导力挑战可以被描述为激励人们跟随领导者的行为组合,而不是简单的服从。随着现代人力资源管理的研究和实践的发展,领导力对企业发展的重要性越来越被人们所认识。有效的领导能帮助企业做出正确的战略决策,帮助企业建立和谐的工作团队,从而有效激发员工的工作积极性。然而,关于什么样的领导力是最适合企业的,由于领导理念的出现,不同的学者给出了不同的理论,这些理论各有利弊,要了解这些理论的特点和启示。如何将它们应用到企业的具体管理实践中,是一个非常有价值的课题。本文以一个名为TANSG-R US的公司为研究对象,以领导力理论为基础,对其领导力的优劣势进行评价,以期对未来领导力的提升提出建议。
 
1.0 Introduction 简介
 
Leadership is the ability to inspire team members' enthusiasm and imagination, and the ability to command the team members to go all out to accomplish their goals (Graeff, 1997). Leadership challenge can be described as a combination of behaviors that will inspire people to follow the leader, which is not simply obeying (Bennis, 1959). With the development of modern human resource management research and practice, the importance of leadership for enterprise development is increasingly recognized (Bono, 2004). Effective leadership can help companies to make correct strategic decisions and help enterprises to build a harmonious work team, so as to effectively motivate employees’ enthusiasm at work (Organ, 1996). However, about what kind of leadership is the most suitable for enterprises, since the emergence of the concept of leadership, different scholars have given different theories, these theories have their own advantages and disadvantages, to understand the characteristics of these theories and explore how to apply them to an enterprise’s specific management practice is a very valuable subject. In this essay, a company named Tents-r-Us was took as the research object of a case study, based on the theory of leadership to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of their leadership to recommend on how to improve their leadership in the future.
 
2.0 Literature review 文献综述
 
2.1 Great man theory 
Great man theory argues that the characteristics of a leader are derived from physiological inheritance, and a leader can only become an effective leader with these characteristics (Barrick and Mount, 1991). In 1949, W. Henry pointed out that successful leaders should have twelve kinds of qualities: strong desire for achievements, work enthusiasm, strong ability in making decision, strong self-confidence, agile thought, aggressive heart and so on (Organ, 1996). Great man theory has the deficiencies reflected in the following areas: there is less correlation between the various characteristics, some are even contradictory, and people who are considered to have the characteristics of genius leaders do not become leaders (Organ, 1996).
 
2.2 Trait theory
Trait theory believes that: the characteristics and quality of leaders can be formed in leadership practice, it can also be created through training and cultivating (Atwater and Yammarino, 1993). William Jack Baumol put forward ten conditions that business leaders should have: the spirit of cooperation; decision-making ability; organizational skills; being good at authorization; being good at dealing with different situations; courage to be responsible; courage to innovate; dare to take risks; respect for others; super morality (Bono and Judge, 2004). There are some shortcomings in trait theory. Firstly, the theory ignores subordinates, and subordinates often have an important impact on the effectiveness of leadership (Atwater and Yammarino, 1993). Secondly, with the development and depth of the study, the number of traits that are regarded as leaders' characteristics is increasing, and there is a growing trend, which leads to theoretical disputes and confusion (Bono and Judge, 2004).
 
2.3 Behavioural approach
Behavioural approach is through study on the specific behavior of leaders in the process of leadership, and the impact of different acts on the subordinates to look for the best leadership behavior (Misumi, 1985). Behavioural approach behavior mainly classifies leadership behavior from two perspectives of concern about people and concern about production, as well as control of superior and subordinate participation (Bennis, 1959). Behavioural approach’s main drawback is the lack of consideration of the factors that affect success and failure. The relationship between leadership behavior and the effectiveness of leadership also depends on task structure, the relationship between leaders and members, leadership authority, subordinates’ leading demand and other situational factors (Bennis, 1959). 
 
2.4 Situational Approach
Situational approach figures that there is no best form of leadership, only the most appropriate form of leadership (Avery and Ryan, 2002). It argues that a leader's style and manner of leadership should be compatible with the maturity of the subordinate staff (Graeff, 1997). When the subordinate staff matures, the leader will succeed in choosing a correct leadership style based on the maturity level of the subordinates (Avery and Ryan, 2002).
 
2.5 Contingency Approach
Contingency approach indicates that an organization is an open subsystem in a social system, which is affected by the environment (Houghton and Yoho, 2005). Therefore, it is necessary to maintain the best adaptability to the environment according to the situation and role of the enterprise organization in the social system to adopt corresponding organizational management measures. Only when the organizational form is properly designed, the organization's management style can meet the needs of the organization and be close to the organizational attributes, can all needs of the organization be satisfied (Rice and Kastenbaum, 1983). 
 
3.0 Case study 案例分析
 
3.1 Enlightenment of great man theory for Peter Ridge’s leadership
As Tents-r-Us’ leader, Peter Ridge showed the leadership which embodied the characteristics of the great man theory. For instance, Peter Ridge maintained a hands-on presence in the day to day management of the company as well as providing strategic vision as the Managing Director; he thought that he has built the company and he would decide what happens.
His leadership style has a certain advantage reflected in the following aspects. Firstly, Peter Ridge as the founder of the enterprise, has a strong desire for success, and he works seriously, the company under his leadership has also achieved initial success, the size of the company is in the expansion, the company's operating market is also expanding. Secondly, Peter Ridge has absolute decision-making power in the company, so the company is often able to make decisions quickly, which improves the company's ability to adapt to an external competitive environment, which is one of the reasons for the company's success. Finally, in the day-to-day management of the enterprise, Peter Ridge has absolute authority, the employees have to obey his management, which not only improves the efficiency of management, but also effectively avoids the staff’s lazy behavior to reduce the cost of management.
Of course, there are some shortcomings in Peter Ridge's leadership style. Firstly, his management will make the employees feel that they are not respected, reducing the employee's sense of belonging to the enterprise and their enthusiasm at work, which may lead to the problems in the internal cooperation between the employees. For example, employees of Tents- r-Us argued about their roles within the organization. Secondly, when Tents-r-Us continues to expand in terms of organizational scale and scope of business, many of the new problems it faces may need the employees to propose solutions, but Peter Ridge's leadership approach leads that the employees are reluctant or have no chance to positively contribute their own wisdom and ability to the company. 
 
3.2 Enlightenment of trait theory for Peter Ridge’s leadership 
Peter Ridge needed outside talents to help him to solve the problems met in the development process of the enterprise, he wanted to choose one from Mhari and Susi to help him. As the leader of the enterprise, Peter Ridge can be based on the trait theory to select a person to help him with management of the enterprise. Using trait theory to select talents has the following benefits. Firstly, the trait theory allows Peter Ridge to know what qualities that a good talent should possess. Peter Ridge can select talents based on these criteria, such as the traits that Mhari has include ambitious, keen to make decisions, intelligent and competent. Susi's qualities include, she is creative, consultative, willing to take direction. Secondly, the trait theory holds that the characteristics and qualities of a leader can be formed in the practice of leadership, as well as through training and cultivation. It explains how the traits of a talented person form. In choosing a talented person, Peter Ridge needs to examine not only the existing traits of the talents, but also the talents’ future value and potential in cultivation, in order to better serve for the enterprise in the future.
Peter Ridge was based on trait theory to select the talents, which has the following weaknesses.  First of all, people in different environments may show different traits, so it can't ignore the impact of environment on talents’ traits. What Mhari and Susi showed in the past in their enterprises might not the same as what they will show in Tents-r-Us. Secondly, Mhari and Susi showed a lot of good qualities, but whether these traits are needed by Tents-r-Us, the trait theory does not give Peter Ridge a clear suggestion.


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